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Thailand - Rice Center
There are at least 23 kinds of rice in the world. Only 2 kinds are cultivated for confumption such as Asian rice and African rice. Both ave various genetic diversities and have at least 120,000 varieties with different name and characters.

Thailand is situated in the diversity center of both wild and cultivated rice. There are 5 kinds of wild rice cultivated thoughtout the country. Apart from the different types of rice, Thailand also has large number of rice varieties. There are apparoximately 3,500 names with different characters. Presently, the Rice Research Institute has collected more than 19,000 samples of Thai cultivated rice and wild rice.
The obvious different characters are those of non-glutinouse rice, glutinous rice with early or medium and late maturity. Within each character there are further distinctive endosperm type varieties, such as, having different amylose contents that make cooked rice soft, hard, or sticky. From the genetic diversity found in wild rice that is the ancestry of cultivated rice as well as that of cultivated rice found in Thailand, it has been acceptable that Thailand is the origin and distributor of Asian rice.
The purpose of Thai rice breeding by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is to emplasize on the selection of variety having good quality grains with potential high yields, wide adaptability to environments and flowering dates suitable to grow in regions according to the amount of rainfall and distribution patterns.

Refrence: Science and Technology with Thai Rice, National Science and Technology Development Agency.

Disclaimer: Theses statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. The product is not meant to cure, prevent or diagnose any disease.
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Rice, a kind of cereal well-known to the Thais and to all of Asia as a staple food for centuries, has plaed an essential role in nutrition and to the health of people worldwide....
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Rice is an integral part of Thai culture and our way of life. It is the lifeblood nourishing Thailand from the past and into the future. History clearly demonstrates the enormous potential of Thai rice and its intrinsic values which has yet to be fully relised. Innovation can and will enable us to continue to hold on to rice as our precious national asset, especially our native and pure varieties which will allow more value added to be captured in an effective manner....